Despite its increasingly secure place in the world, the People’s Republic of China remains dissatisfied with its global status. Its growing material power has simultaneously led to both greater influence and unsettling questions about its international intentions. China also has found itself in a constant struggle to balance its aspirations abroad with a daunting domestic agenda. This authoritative book provides a unique exploration of the complex and dynamic motivations behind Beijing’s foreign policy. The authors focus on China’s choices and calculations on issues such as the ruling Communist party-regime’s interests, international status and image, nationalism, Taiwan, human rights, globalization, U.S. hegemony, international institutions, and the war on terrorism. Taken together, the chapters offer a comprehensive diagnosis of the emerging paradigms in Chinese foreign policy, illuminating especially China’s struggle to engineer and manage its rise in light of the opportunities and perils inherent in the post-cold war and post-9/11 world.