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America’s Two “Reconstructions” Part 2 —— How Did the Civil Rights Movement Change the United States?

When:
August 14, 2021 all-day
2021-08-14T00:00:00-04:00
2021-08-15T00:00:00-04:00
America’s Two “Reconstructions” Part 2 —— How Did the Civil Rights Movement Change the United States?
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Wang Xi
Professor of History, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

http://k.uscnpm.org/wap/article.aspx?d=99&id=25681

At the end of Reconstruction (1863-1877), southern blacks gradually lost their newly acquired rights and status as equal citizens. Being denied the right to vote, placed at the bottom of economic ladder, and subject to state-imposed Jim Crow laws in civic and public life, African Americans were turned into true second-class citizens of the nation. Confronting such suppressive and challenging environment, how did African Americans maintain their faith of regaining the rights? How did they continue to create and nurture antidiscrimination forces, ideologically and constitutionally? How did the changes of domestic and international situations help reshape the nation’s power structures and pave the way for the coming of the Civil Rights Movement? What political and legal resources did the activists of various backgrounds and at different levels use and what strategies did they adopt to advance their courses? How did the legislations of the Civil Rights Movement expand the constitutional principles of the first Reconstruction and how did they affect today’s enjoyment of civil rights by American citizens? The second talk will focus on the causes, processes, and outcomes of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s, with a brief discussion on how Asian Americans were related to the movement and how new challenges were posed after America’s “Rights Revolution.”

线上讲座:民权运动如何改变了美国?–http://k.uscnpm.org/wap/article.aspx?d=99&id=25681

Chinese and English language:
中美印象、大学沙龙在线讲座

2021年8月14日

王希
美国宾夕法尼亚州印第安纳大学历史系教授

美国的两次“重建”讲座第二部分——民权运动如何改变了美国?

重建(1863-1877)结束之后,南部黑人逐步丧失了平等的公民地位和权利。他们的选举权被剥夺,经济上处于最底层,在公民和公共生活中受制于州政府强加的种族隔离法,成为了名副其实的二等公民。面对严峻和恶劣的政治环境,非裔美国人是如何保持重获权利的信念的?他们如何积蓄和培养反种族歧视的力量?20世纪早期的国内和国际形势如何改变了美国的权力结构,为民权运动的到来准备了条件?民权运动中,不同背景和层面的积极分子利用了什么政治和法律资源,并采取了哪些斗争的策略?民权运动的立法如何扩展了重建时代的宪政原则,又如何影响了当今美国公民权利的享有?第二次讲座将叙述20世纪50、60年代民权运动的发生、进程与结果,兼论亚裔美国人与民权运动的关系,并讨论“权利革命”之后美国公民权利遭遇的新挑战。

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